Want to learn how to grow aquatic plants？
When arranging the aquarium, it is best to conceive the landscaping of the aquatic plants before buying the aquatic plants, and then purchase the aquatic plants according to the landscaping requirements, and implant them according to the designed landscaping plan.It is better to choose the one with closer breeding conditions, especially the light demand and water hardness are the most important; in the choice of other matching materials, such as driftwood, stones, etc. Should pay attention to whether it will affect the water quality, such as limestone, will increase the hardness of the water.The driftwood contains more or less colored substances and needs to be soaked in water for a few days to make it spit out and put in a water tank will not affect the appearance.
1 Rot disease, this disease is caused by bacteria infecting aquatic plants, mainly aquatic plants in transit, because the temperature is too high, it promotes bacterial breeding surface infection.Immediately cut off the susceptible leaves or stems and soak them with potassium permanganate for a while to kill the germs.
There are two types of sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction is accomplished through the process of flowering and pollination and fertilization and seeding (seed).Asexual reproduction, also known as vegetative reproduction, generally has the following ways:
Stems aquatic plants: Generally, they can be trimmed directly from the top to the required height. For example, when the aquatic plants are aging, cut the upper part of the plant for implantation, and remove the aging part below, for example: pearl grass.
1.First put the washed bottom sand on the bottom of the tank thinly, then put the base fertilizer on it, and then cover the bottom sand. The bottom sand should be laid low before and then high. Its visual effect is better.For bottom heating, the heating equipment should be erected first, and then the bottom sand should be laid.The height of the bottom bed is different according to the size of the fish tank. For small fish tanks (below 75cm), the total foreground height is about 5cm, and the height of the background should not exceed 1/4 of the height of the tank; large fish tanks (above 90cm), Depending on the height of the fish tank, the type of aquatic plants planted and the landscaping needs to be adjusted, the total height of the foreground is about 8-10cm, and the background is like a large aquatic plant, the roots of the roots extend wide and deep; the thickness of the bottom sandIt needs to be a little thicker, usually about 15~25cm (the thickness depends on the landscaping requirements).
3. Sufficient aquatic plant nutrition: The chloroplasts of aquatic plant must be based on * all necessary inorganic nutrients in order to develop well and maximize the photosynthesis efficiency, so we should regularly add aquatic liquid fertilizer and root fertilizer.
Stemless aquatic plants: Just remove the yellow leaves. If the stalks grow too messy, you can cut off the excess stalks and pull up the aquatic plants.
This sentence focuses on the word between sand and water.Laying a heating line on the bottom of the aquarium has a special advantage: it can force the heated water to rise, and make the bottom sand a part of the chemical and physical system of the entire aquarium.Not only will the temperature be evenly distributed throughout the aquarium, but also the nutrients produced in the bottom sand will flow back to the water with the water and to the leaves of the water plants.Vice versa, when water flows into the bottom sand, oxygen will follow the water flow into the bottom sand. The bottom sand can therefore maintain a longer action time, and will not favor dead corners and prevent the substrate from blackening.With this heating system, it is possible to imitate the horizontal and vertical natural flow of groundwater in tropical regions.In addition, this heating system only uses a low voltage of 24 volts, which is absolutely harmless to humans and animals.
Generally speaking, in terms of the water volume of the aquarium, there are often too many fish. The products of metabolism are not only produced by fish, but also snails and aquatic plants will not be accumulated and pollute the water quality. The aquarium breeders control this process.It is necessary to change the water regularly and make proper filtration, and the current "biological filtration effect" is now on the top, there is a tendency to replace the use of filter cotton, activated carbon, ceramic magnetic filter beads and other pure mechanical filtration functions, the so-called "biological"It means that the filtering effect can remove the pollutants in the water through the medium with bacteria in order to keep it clean.Some special bacteria can even chelate the residue of the chelating agent and deal with the chelate of too much fertilizer.In industrial waste treatment technology, this method can also be used on a large scale to treat contaminated water quality and regenerate the quality of drinking water.
This is about beverage and water quality treatment.Only good quality, vitamin-rich and easily digestible fish food can raise healthy and lively fish.Please keep in mind that tropical fish usually come from completely salt-free water, so the salt content of the bait fed must be particularly low, otherwise the fish will easily suffer from intestinal diseases and feel uncomfortable, the treatment of water quality is as important as the fish feeding, When the water is changed, the water quality should be effectively treated to reduce the harmfulness of the water quality.
Moderate lighting, addition of carbon dioxide, sufficient fertilizer (basic fertilizer, liquid fertilizer, top dressing), water flow, water temperature, water hardness, PH value, healthy bed.
Depending on the size and shape of the aquarium, fluorescent lights, mercury lamps (HGL) or metal halogen lamps (HQI) can be used for the lighting of the aquarium.As long as any one of these light sources is used, the natural color of the fish and the good growth of the aquatic plants can be maintained, and its main purpose is to ensure that the aquarium has the most appropriate oxygen supply during the day.When the amount of saturated dissolved oxygen in the water is only 100%, this is not enough for the aquarium where fish are kept, because not only fish need oxygen, but even bacteria also need oxygen for waste decomposition (this waste comes from bait, Water plants, etc.).In addition, aquatic plants also need a certain amount of oxygen, especially in the evening. In order to avoid the lack of oxygen at night, oxygen must be supplemented during the day, and this can only be achieved with appropriate light.
The optimal temperature setting of the aquarium is 22oC ~ 23oC, but it can be adjusted between 24 oC and 26 oC with fish breeding. After the temperature setting, try to keep it as stable as possible.
The neutral pH value is controlled by the addition of carbon dioxide, but this control must at least maintain the carbonate hardness in the range of 3-4 degrees DH (because other acidic substances may also produce erroneous carbon dioxide readings), soIn order to ensure the necessary stability and consistent continuity.Moreover, due to the addition of carbon dioxide, the water-based aquatic plants can determine the optimal amount of carbon dioxide.
The development of all aquatic plants must be carried out for photosynthesis to achieve growth, that is, the chloroplasts of aquatic plants use carbon dioxide to synthesize sugar and oxygen under the conditions of light.Therefore, to meet the needs of aquatic plants for photosynthesis, there must be appropriate light, sufficient carbon dioxide, and sufficient aquatic nutrients to enable aquatic plants to grow healthily.
We know the chemical and nutrient composition of most tropical waters where aquatic plants grow, and most of them lack certain nutrients, especially trace elements that are indispensable for growth.However, due to the different structure of the river water, for example, natural springs close to the groundwater can continuously replenish nutrients. In other words, the main chemical composition of all natural waters is different. The fixed supplementary nutrients in the aquarium cannot be ignored.
The nutrients that are not in tap water need to be added when the water is changed regularly, and the waste products of animals and the metabolic products of water plants can also be removed during the water change, which are chemically unstable trace elements (such as:Iron, manganese and others) should be added in small amounts every day to avoid toxicity caused by large amounts of use.
1. Appropriate illumination: It can simulate the irradiation of sunlight, using full-spectrum special-purpose aquarium lamps in red, blue, and green bands, or metal halogen bulbs.8-10 hours of continuous light per day, and the principle is to place the most groups of lamps.
2. Sufficient carbon dioxide: water plants must have carbon dioxide for photosynthesis. When the carbon dioxide in the water is insufficient, the water plants will stop growing or die, especially the more difficult red water plants, and more enough carbon dioxide to survive, so the waterThe concentration of carbon dioxide should be maintained between 10-20mg/I in order for the aquatic plants to grow healthily.
Expanding all aquatic plants is a very useful plant. It can not only greatly improve the ornamental value of fish, but also promote the growth and reproduction of tropical fish, so aquatic planting is very important.Different types of aquatic plants have different cultivation methods.
5.Then add water slowly. At this time, the water pipe can be fixed to the wall of the tank with a suction cup, so that the water slowly flows into the tank. At this time, the water flow should not be too large; at the same time, the height of the grass is slowly implanted from short to high.So the grass scene was completed.
In tropical waters, no matter how old they are, their water levels and light conditions, especially fast-moving water, their water quality is very stable. Some water quality factors such as PH value, carbon dioxide content, hardness and so on rarely change.
A good water flow can ensure the temperature balance in the aquarium, wash away the organic waste on the leaf surface of the water grass, and supply the new nutritional function of the leaves.The entire blade also needs a strong water flow to remove the water quality film that easily adheres to the surface of the blade.
Through regular monitoring to control the temperature, PH value and nitrite content, especially to check the iron content, carbonate hardness and other, etc., so that aquarium enthusiasts can ensure that their aquarium is no problem.Compared with the natural waters, the amount of water in the aquarium can be said to be very small. Various factors can easily change from one extreme to the other. However, what the aquarium wants is a high degree of stability and sustainability.
2 Plants with underground stems propagated in the stems can use broken branches or lateral branches to form new plants; underground stems grow from the roots and spread in the bottom sand, and new plants can be produced in each node.Creeping stems are somewhat like underground stems, but only propagate on the sand.
1.In the first week of the initial installation of the tank, the lighting time is about 3 to 4 hours. Therefore, the water plants are still adapting to the environment and do not need too much light. If the lighting time is too long, algae are easy to breed.
2 In addition to getting sick, the water quality or temperature may be inappropriate.Because different aquatic plants have different living environments, and some aquatic plants do not have high requirements on the environment, but some can only survive in a certain environment.If the water temperature is too high or too low, the damage to the water plants is serious.
This requirement is difficult for laymen who do not understand chemistry at all. It is necessary to adjust to a neutral pH value and maintain a stable acidity in the aquarium, that is, the carbonate hardness is less than 3-4 degrees DH.why?Because the fish we mixed in the aquarium range from acidic water quality (such as neon fish) to alkaline water quality (such as cichlid), if you want to breed these two types of fish very wellSuccessful and smooth, the neutral PH value is the most ideal.
If you really want to learn how to plant water plants, I suggest you go to the Cuihu Water Plant website. This is a Taiwanese website. It is Mr. Ke Qingshuis 10 years of grass growing experience.There are water grass encyclopedia, illustrated book, etc.
3.Put in 1/3 ~ 1/4 of the water, it should not be too fast when the water is released, so as not to wash the bottom bed.(Its best to add a tap water to pre-aeration treatment for one day) Use a small dish to hold the water, so that the water overflows slowly, and it is less likely to wash the bottom bed.
An ideal environment in which fish and water plants live together depends on carefully selected balanced fish.In the most perfect water grass aquarium, the combination of fish and water grass must be very harmonious.Here are some principles:
Furthermore, fish are used to flowing water (streams or rivers) and enjoy strong water to exercise their bodies (fish gymnastics).
2.After the second week, change the water once a week, the amount of water change is about 1/3 ~ 1/4.The new water should be aerated for more than 1 day. It should be added slowly when added to the tank.
1.Do not add liquid fertilizer within two weeks of the initial tank setup.(Aquatic plants temporarily stop growing and do not absorb nutrients when they adapt to the new environment. If liquid fertilizer is added, algae can easily grow.)
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