The most fascinating patterns and structures on earth come from those flowering plants, and the magical relationship between the two life forms of plants and insects dwarfs the theory of karma in Buddhist scriptures.Now that we have a digital camera, this powerful tool will show us details in the plant world that are invisible to people.Many plants grow in the gardens, parks, pastures and forests on the street side, and in the further tropical rainforests and desert areas, we can also see more wonderful plant life forms.But as a photography enthusiast, our journey of exploration may start from our own home.Even in the face of the most common species, you can use your own unique way to find new content like magic.
No matter what theme you face, you should have some relevant professional knowledge, which helps you to explore this theme in depth and develop insights that can make your work more brilliant.No sports photographer can take wonderful pictures without knowing anything about sports, and the same is true of the natural world.You dont need to be a botanist, but you should at least have a strong curiosity about the subject.In this way, you can spare time and energy, learn relevant knowledge with great interest, and fully enjoy the fun of researching and photographing plants.
There are flowering plants in almost all parts of the world. You can find them by the road if you just walk outside.Some plants have strong adaptability, while others have strict requirements on the environment. They can grow only when the soil, moisture, sunlight, and even the surrounding insect species are suitable.Simply do a survey and you will find this feature, and understand the preferences of different plants and insects.
A variety of plants and a wide variety of insects grow in grasslands, pastures and fields.Spring will bring dandelions, wild peas and wood sorrel, and many beautiful flowers and plants can also be found in the plantation, as long as the trees are planted densely and densely.In spring we can also see blooming anemones, elegant and fragrant hyacinths appearing in pieces, and red campion and angelica dotted in between.As the weather gets warmer, white and yellow pink butterflies and speckled nymphaea will appear in the glade under the sun, and bees will also go out to collect nectar.
The long coastline also provides a variety of habitats for the prosperity of plants.Fresh green grass grows on the cliffs on the shore, and goats and hares frequent it.Salty water vapor and violent sea breeze prevent those plants that are not tolerant to grow on the seashore, but even if there is a little water in the sand dunes of the seashore, plants will come out there, and the seaside is rich in mollusk shellThe soil nourishes a lot of insects.Some coastal areas will grow large, wild, strong red orchids and other orchids, and pink butterflies, tortoiseshell butterflies, and gray butterfly will also appear.
There are many grass fields full of flowers in the mountains and plateaus, where there are many of the most photogenic plants.For example, on gravel slopes and terraces in mountainous areas, you can find purple chloris and birds-eye primrose. The landscape they are waiting for you to express with a wide-angle lens.Climb higher, you will find that the spring there is late.Although the weather will be hot, butterflies such as leopard butterflies, eye butterflies and pink butterflies will appear, but generally there will not be too many insects there.
Water is extremely important for most life forms, so the most fascinating plants often appear in wetlands, lakes or ponds. Those magical carnivorous plants such as sundew, pitcher plant and pitcher plant are alsoMostly grow in wet areas such as swamps.In spring, you can also see pink Scrophulariaceae flowers, marigolds, and water crowfoot, and the damselfly begins to fly by the water.In other types of plant habitats, such as slow-flowing rivers, large amounts of water hyacinth are covered.On the calmer surface, white and yellow water lilies began to germinate.The moist river embankment is a paradise for flowering plants, and in the spring there will be a large number of pistachios and parsley.On the wood sorrel and garlic mustard, you can also find the eggs laid by the orange pointed-winged white butterfly, they are very small and shaped like a bottle.
In our cities, parks and green spaces are suitable for the growth of wild and artificially cultivated flowers.In the spring and summer when the plants are lush, we can usually see a lot of roses, irises and fritillaria.The flowers on the tree also attracted butterflies and bees, and even potted flowers on the windowsill allowed photographers to raise their cameras.
If it is not clear what role insects play, then any research on plants is incomplete.For photographers, adding insects when shooting plants will undoubtedly add interest to the photos.Some butterflies (such as the white butterfly, peacock butterfly, and tortoiseshell butterfly) will hibernate, and they will appear first when the weather gets warmer.Other butterflies appear late, and they will overwinter in the form of pupae, caterpillars and even eggs.The life course of most insects is similar to that of butterflies.
The life cycle of insects begins in early spring, but the best time to photograph them is from June to July.Find a wet, flowery meadow near water, where you will find a lot of insects.Beside some flowers such as lilacs and roses, you will find insects visiting all day long.You can always shoot butterflies on nectar-rich plants such as buddleia, lavender, and alfalfa. In the early morning and evening, they still love to park somewhere to dry their bodies. This is also a good time to shoot.To capture the wings of a butterfly as clearly as possible, you must keep the camera parallel to the wings of the butterfly as much as possible while making full use of the depth of field.Smaller apertures (f / 8 or smaller) always get better results. For larger butterflies or after careful preparation, use f / 5.Aperture of 6 can also take delicate pictures.
Both bees and wasps like to lie on the stamen to collect food, so that you can take pictures more calmly.If you carefully approach, crickets and locusts will not run away quickly.Most insects will draw a warning circle around themselves, so it is best to use a 180-200 mm telephoto macro lens when shooting them.
In windy and beautiful days we often find insects that lie together and mate.The pair of damselflies by the pond and the stream are very charming. The red arowana feed is so good because one of them will bow its body in a circle and hold the other and fly together.When you shoot near them, frightened damselflies tend to fly to the branches and leaves of distant plants.At this time, a telephoto zoom lens with a shorter focusing distance will be very useful.
Insect larvae feed on plants, and plants play an important role in the life cycle of insects.Caterpillars do nothing but eat, and are good models when you take ecological photos.The eggs of insects are very small, many of them are less than 1 mm in length. If you connect the two lenses together, you can take amazing photos of the eggs with a magnification of 4: 1 or more.
The most surprising and dangerous relationship between insects and plants is embodied in insectivorous plants.Sundew is one of the most photogenic plants, and its leaves are covered with tiny sticky liquid beads, which can trap a variety of insects from mosquitoes to damselflies.The leaves of Dionaea muscipula are covered with sensitive tentacles. When an insect touches the tentacles, its blades will swell together.Many people have taken photos of Nepenthes foraging for insects. Some larger insects can often get out of their way with their own power. The photos taken at this time will be more exciting.The most difficult to photograph is the bladderwort, which has insect traps that can feed on tiny animals underwater.To photograph their insect traps, you need to use a close-up skin cavity to obtain a magnification of 6: 1 or greater. We can build a small greenhouse on the balcony of our home to cultivate those exotic plants from the tropics or the desert, or visit them in the botanical garden.Orchid is one of the most fascinating plants, they have a peculiar appearance and complex structure.The most special organ of orchids is the lip flap, which is the main basis for distinguishing orchid varieties.There are often various shapes of protrusions and bright colors inside the lips, and some even look like female insects. Orchids are used to attract insects to achieve pollination.Wild orchids are more diverse, monkey orchids seem to have slender limbs, and orchids are like big, fluffy bees.The shape of the orchid is very three-dimensional, and the depth of field should be carefully controlled when shooting.When shooting orchids, it is best to place the camera diagonally above the flowers, focus carefully, and clearly record the points of interest on the orchids.
A potted cactus can thrive on a window sill, and when a flower grows on its swollen stem, it becomes extremely photogenic.The prismatic protrusions and rows of spikes on its body form interesting geometric shapes, and its gorgeous flowers resemble daisies, which are good materials for photography.
In short, the flowers from tropical plants are usually very large and gorgeous. You can find a lot of tropical flowering plants in any local flower market. When facing them, you will get a good opportunity to show your artistic talent.There is no need to use a high magnification and a large depth of field when shooting. As long as the stamens are clearly highlighted in the slightly blurred background, you can take a charming photo.
Use of light
Light determines the success or failure of plant photos.Plant photographers like bright and cloudy weather, when the light is soft and the shadows are not too stiff.The dewdrops in the morning will make the plants look more delicate, and the setting sun in the morning and evening is very helpful for depicting the details of the surface of the object.Backlighting can highlight the hairs on the branches and leaves of the plants, and also make the flowers look more crystal clear.
Polarizers are very useful when shooting flowers. In addition to deepening the blue of the sky, it can also reduce the reflections on petals and leaves, making their colors look more intense.You can use the reflector to dilute the dark shadows on the flowers, and reduce the exposure readings obtained by the multi-zone metering method a little, and the built-in flash can be used with natural light.Excessive use of an external flash will produce unsightly shadows, but lower the output power of the flash and use a wide-angle diffuser to get softer shadows even when near the subject.
The multi-lamp flash system can produce more diverse lighting effects. As long as the light ratio between the lamps is adjusted, you can get a harmonious main light and auxiliary light.For relatively small flowers, it is best to reduce the output power of the flash for close-up photography. At this time, a macro lens of 60 to 105 mm becomes the best choice.
Composition of close-up photos
It is difficult to get excellent photos of flowers at random, and only after careful composition can you show their unique qualities.The flowers are completely static, only the color and shape of the flowers are difficult for us to get the best results. At this time, composition is crucial.We can start with the rule of thirds and use off-center flowers or even flowers to bring the viewers eyes into the picture.As for the branches and leaves, they should be placed in diagonal lines to create a dynamic image.When shooting single flowers, you should find a good angle to fully show the beautiful geometric structure of the flowers.When shooting multiple flowers, let them form a unified and harmonious picture.Faced with a plant, there are always many ways to shoot it. You can shoot it as a macro work, or you can put it in a landscape photo.
The choice of lens is undoubtedly very important.Using a telephoto lens and a large aperture can make the flowers stand out from the background, and using a wide-angle lens and a small aperture can make the plants in the foreground and the mountains in the distance equally clear.
Depth of field is also an important creative tool.With a small aperture and a flash, you can shoot every hair on the plant clearly.When using a large aperture to achieve shallow depth of field, if you want to shoot the point of interest on the screen sharply, you need to use a shutter speed of 1/125 seconds or faster.
The beauty of flowers is also reflected in its delicate colors. Although black and white photos have great advantages in terms of geometric structure and texture, color is still a very important element in flowers photos.Putting flowers in the middle of a blurry green leaf or under a bright blue sky is one of the best shooting methods, and letting the colors of flowers and other objects match together can also achieve interesting results.For example, the scarab that climbed on the flowers produced a subtle change in hue, and the green locust that jumped on the red flowers brought a strong contrast between the two primary colors.
Various geometric shapes can be seen everywhere in the plant world, it is an important element of composition.Most flowers are symmetrical.Some are bilaterally symmetrical, and you can see the two halves with the same left and right.Some are radially symmetrical, and any tangent through the center point can divide it into the same two halves, such as daisies.The geometry of the leaf veins is more abundant, ranging from simple parallel lines (such as the leaves of lilies) to complex meshes (such as the leaves of geraniums).The order of leaf growth points on plant stems implies Fibonacci numbers, as is the distribution of seeds on sunflower disks.
The geometric shapes contained in the plants allow you to take a variety of wonderful photos.For the leaves, you can put it in front of the window or by the lamp to fill the entire photo with the vein texture drawn by the backlight.Use a magnification higher than 1: 1 to capture details of a certain part of the plant, you will find some completely strange geometric shapes.
We can shoot plants even in bad weather. Going out when the wind is beautiful will make you miss many good times.The flowers will be more charming in rainy days, and the moisture will make the leaves greener.After the windless rain, the water droplets on the plant can map the surrounding scene, and you can get a magical picture by shooting it.
Landscape photos of plants
In addition to looking for photography fun on a single plant, we can also shoot the plant into a landscape.Pieces of plants can best show the magnificence of nature. The flowers in the mountains and spring in spring are the beauty that everyone loves to enjoy. The pastures under the blue sky and white clouds are also the subjects that landscape photographers often shoot.
A telephoto lens can narrow the angle of view and take photos full of flowers, but to pursue creative effects, a wide-angle lens with a shorter focusing distance is more useful.Plant Photography-Master Tips td Reduce the aperture and use hyperfocal distance (in fact, the focus is a little farther away from the subject), you can take pictures of the plant landscape from front to back clearly.Because the wide-angle lens has obvious perspective distortion, as long as you lie on the ground, lower your point of view, and shoot flowers at close range, you can get dramatic photos.
After the flowers wither and die, dont rush to take the camera to the cabinet. Various berries and seeds are showing their style on the branches.The herbs on the ground show subtle tones under backlighting, so you need to be more careful when shooting, because direct sunlight will cause serious underexposure.When photographing the spikes of herbaceous plants, the backlight can be used to set beautiful bright edges on the edges of the spikes, but do not put the sun in the picture when framing.
Plant branches can also be included in paintings.If they are dark when shooting, you can use the flash inside the camera to fill a little light until you see the ideal picture on the LCD screen.If you want to get their silhouettes, you can shoot when the sky is late. At this time, the brighter west sky as the background can often achieve good results.If the exposure of the light EV is compensated.At this time, you can fully experience the advantages of digital cameras. After taking a photo, you can check the effect immediately, and strive to get the most satisfactory picture.
In addition to common flowers and trees, we can also aim the camera at those more special plants, such as mushrooms.Mushrooms are fungi and have a lovely appearance. Their unique appearance is suitable for shooting in natural light.You can use a wide-angle lens to shoot at a very low angle to express the shape of a mushroom.Mushrooms mostly grow in dark places. On a windless day, you can mount a tripod and use a slow shutter speed to portray them in detail.
Due to the rich diversity in shape, color, texture and growth method, plants and digital cameras are a perfect pair.They will bring great challenges to your photography skills and artistic cultivation. What other subjects can make you take various types of photos such as still life, macro and landscape?
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